Where in the World Wednesday celebrates all 197 countries–A through Z. The world is an amazing place with beauty beyond words. I am looking forward to getting to know something new about every individual country and share some incredible pictures of these incredible wonders!
Flag: Since 1709, the flag of Afghanistan has changed 20 times! Currently, the flag consists of three stripes–black, red, green with the classic National Emblem of Afghanistan in white with a mosque and mihrab facing Mecca.
Government: Islamic Republic
Currency: Afghani (AFN)
Capital: Kabul (3.7 million people)
Language: Afghan Persian 50%, Pashto 35%, other 15%
Religion: Sunni Muslim 80%, Shi’a Muslim 19%, other 1%
Independence: Mir Wais Hotak, an Afghan tribal leader, successfully overthrew the oppressing Shi’a Safavids in 1709 making Afghanistan an independent state as the Hotaki dynasty, with its capital in Kandahar. Since then, the ruling party has changed many times over.
People: Comprised of many ethnic groups, the largest group is Pashtun, followed by Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek.
Cities to see: Bamiyan, Herat, Jalalabad, Mazar-e Sharif
Places to see: Band-e Amir National Park, The Khyber Pass, The Minaret of Jam, Panjshir Valley, The Salang Pass, Shamali Plain, Gardez
Like many other countries in the region, Afghanistan is known for its carpets. Also, foods like naan (bread), assorted rice dishes, flavorful qorma or stew/casserole, and pasta called khameerbob are bursting with flavor and spice from the region. Afghanistan is also known for desserts and sweet snacks made with milk, fruit, dried fruit, and sugar.